Is there such a thing as vegan loo roll?: how to have a cruelty-free home

From plant-based paint to ethical furnishings, developing a vegan house is less complex, and expensive, than you might believe

W ith vegan food, style and makeup strongly developed in the mainstream, increasingly more individuals are trying to find methods to have an ethical, cruelty-free house, too. You might not have offered much idea to what animal-based items appear in your home, however there are lots of: materials, from silk to wool to sheepskin, are an apparent example– however is your bed mattress vegan? What enters into your cleansing items, or your energy supplier? And exists such a thing as vegan bathroom roll?

The reality is, you can take a vegan technique to selecting practically anything for your house– and it need not be made complex or pricey. Next time you need to change a product or remodel a space, look around for vegan choices– you’ll be amazed at what’s readily available.

Many individuals select to go cruelty-free in the house for caring factors, however there’s an engaging environmental argument, too. The ecological footprint of vegan items is drastically smaller sized than that of those originated from animals; they likewise tend to utilize far less chemicals in their production. (The leather utilized to make a couch has to be greatly treated with preservatives and resins. With a plant-based option, you’ll prevent direct exposure to these kinds of compounds.)

Some huge sellers stock vegan homewares, consisting of John Lewis, Habitat and Ikea. Soft home furnishings are a simple location to begin. Manmade variations of animal-derived materials are frequently more economical than the genuine thing, and carry out well, too. There are vegan materials made from recycled bottles (attempt weavergreen.com ), leathers made from pineapple fiber (shot parkinfabrics.co.uk ), and acrylics or other synthetics, linen, PVC, cotton and satin (choose natural cotton, however, as its production is far less harmful to the environment).

Paints are harder: they typically consist of animal derivatives and the majority of have actually been checked on animals, so you’ll need to pay a little bit more for plant-based, vegan options. Fortunately is that these are typically VOC-free, emitting none of the undesirable chemicals that can activate health issue . Lakeland paints are vegan, and Auro uses a vegan variety, too.

If you’re selecting wood furnishings, think of how the wood is sourced. Trees offer environments for countless various types and the climate-altering results of logging are popular, however we do not constantly consider this when buying a brand-new chair or table. Try to find FSC-certified products or those made from recovered wood. Or think about bamboo: it grows quickly and utilizes little water in its production. To make certain your brand-new purchase hasn’t been varnished or glued with animal-derived items, you’ll require to try to find accredited vegan products: have a look at peta.org.uk , treehugger.com , or online vegan outlet store wearthlondon.com for concepts.

Another sound eco choice is to pick classic pieces, that might otherwise be predestined for garbage dump. A benefit of this is that you will not need to fret a lot about “off-gassing” (brand-new products are typically treated with a heady mixed drink of chemicals that seep out after production, which you might choose to prevent sitting or breathing in on). Stainless-steel furnishings is an alternative to wood: it’s long lasting, recyclable and vegan in regards to products; steel does not require to be covered with preservatives. It’s environmentally friendly, too: ditch metal is the market’s main source of basic material, and the majority of products will be made up of 60% to 80% recycled steel.

Cleaning items are a little bit of a minefield, with product-testing a concern and animal derivatives in lots of products; however there are lots of choices out there. If the idea of scrolling through lists of components sounds as fascinating as enjoying your plant-based paint dry, do not misery: try to find items that bring the Vegan Society or Leaping Bunny logo designs, or go to veganwomble.co.uk for lists of homecare items.

While you’re reconsidering daily purchases, preventing plastics is an apparent action that will have an influence on the wellness of numerous types: how about buying some great old-fashioned scarfs rather of plastic-wrapped tissues? Reevaluating your option of individual care items (from razors and prophylactics to hygienic products) can make a substantial distinction, and there are vegan variations of all of these.

What about other products we require? A significant expense for the majority of us is our energy expense: is it possible to make a vegan option when it pertains to our company? Remarkably, yes. Green energy is an action in the ideal instructions, however even if a provider utilizes renewable resource, it does not make it vegan. One energy source utilized by numerous business is anaerobic food digestion (ADVERTISEMENT), an environment-friendly procedure in which micro-organisms are utilized to break down waste, consisting of animal, and produce biogas. It’s a green procedure that lowers our toll on land fill and the quantity of methane launched into the environment, however it’s not a vegan one ( octopus.energy has a more in-depth description). This year, Ecotricity introduced as the UK’s very first accredited vegan energy supplier , ensuring that there’s no trace of animal spin-offs utilized in its production.

Vegan living is basic. It’s about making notified choices whenever we purchase something, and about sending out a message to manufacturers at the very same time: that we do not require animals to suffer so we can fill our pillows or tidy our meals. By making thoughtful and ethical options, we can still delight in a stunning house, while doing all we can to secure the location where all of us live– our world.

A vegan guide, space by space

Living space

Visit peta.org.uk for vegan couches; or attempt Anthropologie’s Angelina couch , which is made from “dolly wool”, a hard-wearing vegan material ( 1,998, anthropologie.com). Select acrylic carpets instead of woollen ones, and for vegan carpets, attempt jute, cotton, synthetic fur, synthetic sheepskin, or recycled products: the Andalucia Paloma carpet is made from recycled plastic bottles (from 130, weavergreen.com) or H&M’s patterned cotton carpet ( 15, hm.com) has actually simply won finest wool-free carpet at P eta’s 3rd vegan homeware awards (peta.org.uk).

Try artificial tosses (Zara Home’s multicoloured plain weave blanket is 100% acrylic, 49.99, zarahome.com); burn soy instead of beeswax candle lights (attempt Le Labo’s vegan soy wax candle light , 52, libertylondon.com); and utilize microfibre instead of down-filled cushions ( dunelm.com stocks a budget friendly variety, or attempt Yonder Living’s “cactus silk” cushion , woven from a natural veggie fiber discovered in the agave cacti; 52, yonderliving.com). Go to vinterior.co , pamono.co.uk or newbie ceraudo.com for trendy vintage furnishings, or attempt charity stores, such as British Heart Foundation’s ebay shop .

Bedroom

From wadding to glue, bed mattress can consist of all sorts of animal-derived active ingredients, however vegan bed mattress are formally A Thing (shot cottonsafenaturalmattress.co.uk ). For bed linen, attempt Habitat’s down-free Ultrawashable duvet, with its cotton cover and polyester filling (from 50 for a single duvet , habitat.co.uk). If you can’t quit silk sheets, attempt The White Company’s Camborne cotton bedlinen , which won Peta’s finest silk-free sheet award at its 2018 vegan homeware awards (from 30 for a pillowcase, thewhitecompany.com). Take a look at compassionatecloset.com for a guide to vegan materials.

Kitchen

If you’re revamping your floor covering, choose sustainable cork ( colourflooring.co.uk is introducing a carbon unfavorable cork flooring in early July), lino tiles, or recovered wood ( vegandesign.org and veganhaven.co.uk are terrific cruelty-free resources). Usage recycled glass, stainless-steel or bamboo storage containers, instead of plastic– these do not require to be high-end purchases: believe Argos, Amazon and Robert Dyas.

Use vegan-friendly cleansing brand names such as Dr Bronner’s, Astonish, Bio-D, and Method. Some grocery store own-brands are vegan, too– inspect their sites, or blend your own cleansing service with gewurztraminer vinegar. Swap beeswax covers or clingfilm for vegan food covers (from thewisehouse.co.uk ). For tableware, attempt the Uma recycled glass tumbler and carafe from thegiftedfew.com .

Bathroom

Cork and lino floor covering aren’t so great here as they’re not water resistant– though Colour Flooring’s brand-new cork (see above) is waterproof. Natural textured stone is an option, or choose recovered or recycled tiles ( wallsandfloors.co.uk stocks a variety). For walls, tiles made from recycled glass are simple and appealing to locate: attempt toppstiles.co.uk or the Crush recycled variety at naturaltile.co.uk.

With toilet tissue, a lot of huge brand names can’t ensure that the chemicals included throughout manufacture aren’t animal-derived. Who Gives A Crap’s recycled bathroom roll declares to be vegan; it utilizes environment-friendly product packaging and contributes to charity, too (whogivesacrap.org). Usage bamboo tooth brushes (attempt andkeep.com ) and vegan soap rather of plastic-bottled liquid soap (shot friendlysoap.co.uk ).

This short article includes affiliate links, which implies we might make a little commission if a reader clicks through and purchases. All our journalism is independent and remains in no chance affected by any marketer or business effort. By clicking an affiliate link, you accept that third-party cookies will be set. More info .

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2019/jun/29/is-there-such-a-thing-as-vegan-loo-roll-how-to-have-a-cruelty-free-home

Breast v bottle? Motherhood is messy enough without picking sides | Hadley Freeman

Its among lifes paradoxes that this dispute will rave most loudly when a female is at her most susceptible

M y experience with breastfeeding was as unwinded as it was totally irregular. I had a C-section, which suggested I remained in medical facility a couple of nights to recuperate, which indicated in turn I was familiar with among the night nurses. Every night, she made the effort to teach me the essentials of breastfeeding, assuring me that I was doing simply marvellously.

When I got house, a pal who, like me, had twins, informed me that if I wished to maintain my peace of mind I ought to get some assistance a number of nights a week (our subject for today is feeding, however synchronising the sleep patterns of newborn twins will one day be my magnum opus). I was fortunate sufficient to be able to manage this, which suggested that somebody routinely pertained to my house and, once again, assisted me breastfeed. She unhesitatingly revealed me how to make formula when I informed her I desired to do blended feeding– breast milk and formula– since my body required a break. As an outcome, I experienced none of the anguished feelings I ‘d seen a lot of pals go through about feeding. This is since I was blessed with luck (conference the nurse) and advantage (having the ability to manage aid), neither of which ought to be the identifying aspects about how a female feeds her infant.

Last week it emerged that the National Childbirth Trust’s (NCT) president, Sena Talbot, has actually resigned, irritated that the organisation initially referred to as the Natural Childbirth Trust is openly supporting moms and dads who utilize formula. “The proof is truly clear that breast milk is much better for infants than formula milk,” she informed the Guardian . “We need to utilize that details to make certain that females are completely notified when pregnant, so that they can then choose what option is ideal for them.”

This stimulated a multitude of commentary about the “war” in between breast- and bottle feeding moms and dads, a framing that is false and unhelpful. A lot of moms will attempt both. The polarised language with which such options are typically talked about– the lactivists versus the formula feeders! the natural birth evangelists versus the C-sections!– does not show most ladies’s truth. Motherhood is untidy and withstands remaining within the lines of one’s own expectations, not to mention more comprehensive ideological arguments.

But this does not stop supporters on both sides recommending otherwise, and it’s one of life’s more regrettable paradoxes that it is when a lady is at her most tired and susceptible that these arguments will rave around her most loudly. No doubt, formula business have actually utilized doubtful marketing techniques , however breastfeeding advocates can likewise be guilty of exaggeration and psychological blackmail.

Talbot’s remark is a classic of the category: not informing ladies breast is finest is avoiding them from making the right (“notified”) option. This relies on worldwide population data as opposed to private requirement. Yes, breast milk has some advantages over formula– however are they actually worth a mom ending up being desperate as her child drops weight since she can’t feed him with her broken and bleeding nipples? Plainly not, and the much-vaunted benefits of breastfeeding are specifically minimal when we’re speaking about moms who can pay for the NCT’s antenatal classes, moms who will most likely have access to tidy water and a steriliser. Supporters talk passionately about how females who are unsupported stopped breastfeeding earlier than they ‘d like, which this threats postnatal anxiety. They do not appear to think about that possibly this has less to do with breastfeeding itself, and more to do with it being energetically offered to ladies as the maternal perfect.

I never ever went to an NCT class since pals’ stories recommended that the organisation’s assistance of brand-new moms frequently blurred into advocacy of so-called “natural parenting”. (When one buddy asked an NCT group leader about discomfort relief throughout giving birth she was recommended to “attempt noise”, an idea that would have led to me making the noise of hysterical laughter.) If the NCT is now giving up ideology for a more sensible technique that is plainly a good idea, due to the fact that investing maternal options with a frightening however unclear ethical measurement is harming to infants and ladies.

The reality is, ladies in this nation aren’t offered enough breastfeeding assistance, thanks not least to austerity: over the last few years, a minimum of 44% of regional authority locations in England have actually been impacted by closures or cuts to breastfeeding services . Those who desire to offer it– or get it– feel under hazard and dig their heels in more difficult. When my sis had her very first child in Switzerland, the regional council scheduled her to meet a feeding specialist weekly. In Britain, who can moms rely on for routine, complimentary, non-ideological guidance?

When I had my infants, I seemed like Alice toppling into Wonderland, beleaguered on all sides by mystifying and frequently inconsistent recommendations. I was lucky to discover 2 females who taught me to trust myself and ignore the rest, who understood that females ought to invest less time attempting to determine up to the expectations of others, and more time asking themselves what they in fact require. This is the least we ought to offer all moms, and the only escape of the bunny hole.

Comments on this piece are premoderated to guarantee the conversation stays on the subjects raised by the post. Please understand that there might be a brief hold-up in remarks appearing on the website.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/commentisfree/2019/may/04/breastfeeding-v-bottle-motherhood-hadley-freeman

Dont tell women to shut up about childbirth. Sharing stories saves lives | Suzanne Moore

Giving birth is bloody uncomfortable. Why reject it? Its likewise the experience of a life time, states Guardian writer Suzanne Moore

Mumsnet may be accountable for a lot of doubtful things– penis beaker , anybody?– however will it in fact end the mankind? Will it stop us recreating? This appears a little extreme however obviously by sharing stories about giving birth there, ladies are terrifying other females into “a pathological horror of giving birth”, states a professional. Catriona Jones is a speaker in midwifery at the University of Hull who studies “tocophopbia”. She recommends social networks is partially to blame for this fear-with-no-name (which, obviously, now has one).

Let’s break this down, shall we? Women worry giving birth since pressing out another human being through a little opening in your body is to be divided asunder. They fear the discomfort that preceedings it: labour. They fear the discomfort throughout the real pushing-it-out bit, and frequently have little concept about the discomfort that follows. We “feel the worry and do it anyhow”– simply as that dumb mantra informs us to.

The worry is logical. This is not a workout in fiction when ladies inform each other birth scary stories nowadays. They are informing the fact.

My mom explained giving birth to me therefore: “I was sitting beside your nana on the sofa. I felt a twinge, and she stated, ‘It’s time to pop upstairs’– and you were born.” She likewise stated there was no have to “make any sound”. That expression returned to me when, off my skull on pethidine, I was bring to life my 2nd kid, I believed I remained in a field of huge cows mooing; then I understood these deep, groaning sounds were really originating from me.

For my sins, I have had one natural birth, one on screens (with stated beautiful pethidine), and a caesarean. My experience is that I recuperated far more rapidly from vaginal shipments than caesarean ones. Anecdote is not information, however, and basically I feel females need to have the option.

Choice can not be made in a vacuum. And this is why females talk with each other. You may get the odd sadist who gets a kick out of explaining torn perinea, infection, the destruction of their whole “undercarriage” (!). You likewise find out. In theory everybody desires a low-lit birth swimming pool. In truth, when the shit strikes the fan– or often the birth “partner”– one is eliminated that hi-tech, medicalised births are to be had.

The feminist discourse around birth looks for just a smidgen of control. Ladies need to not need to plead for discomfort relief or caesareans, anymore than they must need to ask to keep whatever as natural as possible. Severe discomfort makes us feel out of control– everyone. To get ready for that, it is needed to understand exactly what alternatives are readily available.

This is not sharing “scary stories”. While children might be stunning, let’s not pretend birth is. It is full-body scary. Why reject it? Who understood that once the infant comes out you still need to provide exactly what appears like a huge internal organ– the placenta? Who really wishes to be sewn up in the most delicate part of your body, while being informed you do not feel it, although you do?

The ecstasy might soothe, however this does not imply you will not be sent out house in discomfort, greatly bleeding– whichever method you have actually delivered. All the squidgy toys and soft infant blankets and consumable cuteness is a big rejection of the blood-and-guts experience of birth. It is informing that numerous female obstetricians choose optional caesareans.

They state you forget the discomfort of giving birth. Yes and no. You primarily question how you survived it. Exactly what I remember is the discomfort after giving birth, which in fact is exactly what much discussion on Mumsnet has to do with. Females feel harmed, aching, cut, fretted about ever making love once again. They fear incontinence and the loss of the capability ever to feel satisfaction once again, along with absolutely deserted by medics. They are implied to be pleased, however their bodies feel broken. They feel that nobody informed them it would be in this manner, and they hesitate.

This does not sustain worry: it fuels action. How else would the scandal of vaginal mesh have been made popular? The truth of an NHS extended to it restricts is: inadequate midwives, too couple of anaesthetists on call, and ante- and postnatal care lowered to six-minute slots. In this context, then, worry of giving birth is not ungrounded, or to be treated with a little CBT.

I would state to any ladies: yes, it bloody injures, however it’s normally just a day approximately from your life. If it does not go as prepared, do not blame yourself. The very best strategy is the one where both you and the kid live at the end of it. It is the experience of a life time. Please do keep talking if you feel psychologically and physically traumatised. You are not spreading out worry. Since females sharing their facts, nevertheless bloody untidy these are, is in fact how we alter things.

Suzanne Moore is a Guardian writer

  • Comments on this piece are premoderated to guarantee the conversation stays on the subjects raised by the author.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/sep/13/women-childbirth-stories-giving-birth-painful

What does childbirth feel like? You asked Google heres the answer | Nell Frizzell

Every day countless individuals ask Google lifes most tough concerns. Our authors address a few of the commonest inquiries

T wenty-4 hours into my labour I might be discovered using a set of XXL hi-vis pants– the kind used by obese building employees as they repave freeways– pacing a little, rat-scuttled stretch of the River Lea, rubbing my nipples like kindling and murmuring to my partner in the stable, driving rain.

Six hours into my labour I was consuming a chicken bagel on a bouncing birth ball, seeing Dr No with my cousin; 48 hours into my labour, I got up, damp and light-headed, my waters broken; 51 hours into my labour, I was kneeling in a birth swimming pool in Homerton medical facility, holding a gorgeous, howling prune in my arms.

Like cheese sandwiches, the Milibands and snowflakes, no 2 labours are ever the exact same . The very same mom with the very same daddy in the very same space will have entirely various experiences with each kid, not to mention the distinctions from lady to lady. You might have a caesarean, you might have an epidural, you might provide in the restroom, you might be sent out house from the healthcare facility; you might tear, you might take no discomfort relief, you might be caused, you might provide early, you might require interventions; you might error the early indications, you might not.

But remember this: any labour that leads to a healthy child and a healthy mom is an excellent labour. Any lady who goes through any kind of giving birth is a hero. The blood, the guts, the self-sacrifice, the endurance, the body-shuddering pressure, the worry, the gore: no surprise guys needed to create war to relieve their sensational sense of insufficiency. Giving birth is an act of bravery, strength and endurance no guy will ever understand.

When I was pregnant, individuals appeared excited to inform me scary stories about the ladies they ‘d understood who had actually suffered significantly. Those experiences are legitimate and genuine and come from the females who experienced them. If you are pregnant, or thinking of getting pregnant while reading this, might I merely state: it isn’t really constantly like that. It can be extremely various.

Let us start with contractions, for that is most likely how things will begin. My buddy, the author Amy Liptrot, explained contractions as “an earthquake going through your body”. It is, for me, an ideal description. I was anticipating nuclear duration discomforts– exactly what I got, as my mom did prior to me, was a sensation like an HGV reversing into my lower back. They were seriously heavy weather condition and I keep in mind believing, 2 days in, as I held on to the windowsill, in the dark, my partner rubbing my back, my face versus the glass, “I am never ever doing this ever once again.”

They were unrelenting– a near-total block on idea, a thick black sound filling every inch of my body, an unshareable weight, a main focus for all the gravity in deep space. They weren’t precisely uncomfortable– stressful and simply frustrating. Due to the fact that they kept coming.

u-responsive-ratio”>
alt=”Mother” with kid “src=”https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/94a8761f31a48b839c8bd91dcec7c3b2cce79f6a/321_346_4999_2999/master/4999.jpg?w=300&q=55&auto=format&usm=12&fit=max&s=28e2eb3d0754676b63755151e4b8e966″/> ‘Anyone who births a kid, by whatever implies, deserves our appreciation and our assistance.’Photo: Sarah Lee for the
Guardian

Of course, individuals do experience amazing discomfort and if you are caused, your contractions will feel completely various. I discuss my own just to explain that contractions, like all aspects of labour, might not be exactly what you’re anticipating. If you perhaps can, do not withstand them, for they are efficient, essential and they do pass. I discovered this balloon metaphor rather handy .

My waters lastly broke after 2 days and 2 nights of contractions. I felt all of a sudden light, glowing, made from something like glass– whatever was sharp and brilliant however likewise shining. As I strolled through the health center I felt each breath entering like something white and icy.

I had actually been sent out house two times that previous night, hunkered over like an animal, a towel over my go to shut out the world, heaving, groaning, sweating, impatient, pulsating. I had actually withstood contractions pushing a bed, under a shrieking fluorescent bulb, 2 screen belts throughout my stubborn belly. I was not prepared. I needed to go house. I have actually never ever been so dissatisfied.

When I returned that early morning, light-headed, my pyjamas damp, not able to sit, strolling like sand, the midwife analyzed me to find that I was completely dilated. I have actually never ever felt such relief.

“Nell, can you feel anything in your bottom?” the gorgeous, clear-faced midwife asked me as I lay naked on a bed mattress next to the window. Did she suggest the contractions? This pulsating heaving pressure in my lower back? “Do you indicate my pooing bottom?” I asked, bleary-eyed. She did. I felt absolutely nothing till, dragging my method into the toilet for a wee, I all of a sudden felt the desire. I went out of the toilet, into my birth space, naked, sweat-soaked, eyes half closed. “My bottom,” I revealed, “is now included.”

Pushing out an infant, the last, was– and please think me when I state this– terrific. After 2 days of contractions– a sensation that I was getting no place, the nearly intolerable wait stressed by the relentless crashing waves of pressure– to understand that I was lastly going to leave was dazzling. Unexpectedly, I didn’t care where I was, who was with me, exactly what occurred. I might have pressed that infant out in the middle of a Lidl parking lot.

As I knelt in the swimming pool, grasping my partner by the fists, following the breathing directed by the midwife, I understood in some way exactly what it took. This pressing recognized, inherent. Not unlike a shit, obviously, however in some way sensational in its scale. I might really feel the limbs, the corners, the structure of my infant moving down through my body.

My limbs were simply ribbons hanging off this giant, pulsating tube. I was a volcano, a kid, a stiff blank in the centre of a moving world. I felt an appear my vulva. I felt with grim approval that I had actually torn my vaginal area into a doily; I had actually been too excited and ripped it apart. “That was simply the seal around the infant’s head,” my angel midwife stated, from someplace behind my arse.

I pressed. I felt a head then it escaped. If the child was out, I asked my partner. He handled, in some way, to keep a straight face. It was not. Lastly, out it came, in 2 massive heaves that turned my face puce: a Francis Bacon painting of hot purple contortion so furious I had to dip it in the water around my body for relief.

Childbirth seems like whatever to everybody. Wolves gnawing at your entrails, blue medical hairnets, a rumbling ocean, white sound, sandwiches in plastic packages, teeth-chattering nerves, the ripping apart of your hips like tectonic plates, the leak and click of equipment, lightning down your spinal column, the pale blank hum of a medical facility light, the onion sweat of animals, panic, darkness, fatigue, a mist that ends up being hail, leaving your body, thinking in your body, a beleaguered body, a body pulled from your body.

There is no bad labour and no excellent labour. Anybody who births a kid, by whatever implies, deserves our appreciation and our assistance. They need to feel happy; that’s exactly what giving birth must seem like. Pride.

Nell Frizzell is an independent reporter for the Guardian, Vice, Buzzfeed, the Independent, Vogue, i-D and Time Out

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/jul/18/what-does-childbirth-feel-like-google

Unlucky or deluded? One mans attempt to swim the Atlantic

Ben Hoopers plan to swim 2,000 miles from Senegal to Brazil complete with sharks, storms and deadly jellyfish didnt work out. Alex Moshakis meets him to find out why

One sunny morning last November, Ben Hooper, a 38-year-old former policeman, waded into the Atlantic Ocean from a beach in Dakar, Senegal, and plunged right in. In film of the moment, Hooper appears thick set, almost podgy. Hed spent the past year bulking up and now layers of fat concealed muscle beneath. He wore a sports watch, black goggles provided by a sponsor and a pair of tight blue shorts. The sun had risen early, and by 10.33am, when Hooper entered the water, the ocean temperature had reached 30C, a lukewarm bath. A group of reporters gawked from the shallows. Most of them squinted in the bright light.

Hooper had been in Dakar for six weeks, preparing to swim to Natal, northeast Brazil, 1,879 miles away. If successful, he would become the first person to swim across the Atlantic Ocean 12 miles a day for over 140 days straight an unfathomable feat. As he swam away from the beach, Hooper began to feel tears in his eyes. A mile later he cried like a baby. The launch represented the culmination of three years planning, and the relief was overwhelming. Later that day, as the adrenaline wore off and the magnitude of the task began to sink in, he swam against currents that made it difficult to achieve significant mileage. Later, while he recovered on the support boat, a 37-year-old catamaran, he wrote the first in a series of blog posts hed publish during the attempt. Spent the night drifting under sea anchor, it read, 4.5 miles closer to making history.

Hoopers posts were being uploaded to Facebook, and very quickly became difficult to read. On day two, Hoopers crew lost contact with a second support boat, whose captain had returned to Dakar, refusing to continue with the expedition. A couple of days later, Hooper again faced unusually strong currents, limiting his mileage. Soon, clouds stretched across the vast horizon, sometimes bringing rain, and the ocean became dark and choppy. Hooper began to spend more and more time on the boat, waiting for moments of calm. By day seven he was down on his targets. Fatigue mounted. Low moments became commonplace. Think of swimming in a washing machine on a heavily soiled cycle, he wrote of ocean conditions in one post. I am being thrown around all over the place.

On Facebook, in part to sustain crew morale, Hooper appeared bright and positive, especially after sessions in which he was able to chalk up substantial distance. But his body was under attack. Small jellyfish stings were regular and sapped energy. While swimming through seaweed, lice nipped at his torso. When the ocean was choppy, waves battered his back, arms and legs, pushing him under, exacerbating exhaustion. In poor conditions, Hooper was in danger of injuring himself getting on and off the boat, and every now and then he would take a hit from a kayak that glided alongside him for support. During the morning session of day 17, he was sick, twice. On day 18, he began to complain of neuralgia.

Hooper had chosen a November launch date for favourable conditions, but the weather turned against him. Now a fierce wind drove across the water and at times the swell rose so high Hooper lost sight of his boat.

On day 21, Hooper swam blindly into the half-eaten remains of a Portuguese-man-of-war, a jellyfish whose venom paralyses its victims. Hooper began to writhe in pain, unaware of the cause. When he was retrieved from the water, the crew discovered stings up and down the right side of his body. A section of tentacle was still attached to his shoulder and had to be removed. Every now and then his eyes would roll into the back of his head and, as his speech began to slur and his blood pressure plummeted, he struggled to remain conscious. Hooper later told me that, at one point, he was on my way out, and that the ships medic, Pamela Mackie, brought me back to life. For hours, Hooper remained in significant danger. Pain coursed through his body like an electric current. For support, Mackie reached a British trauma surgeon by satellite, who told her that renal failure was an acute possibility. If his kidney packed up, Hooper would not survive.

A
Beach boy: Hooper in Dakar, plump and strong, in the moments before he set off. He was hoping to cover up to 12 miles a day for at least 20 weeks. Photograph: Seyllou/AFP/Getty Images

Hooper spent the next four days on the boat, recuperating. On day 26, he re-entered the water and swam two miles, still sore from the attack. Three days later, in stormy seas, a steering cable snapped and required repair. The storm built. Waves rose to 30ft, crashing around the crew like ironic applause. Now clouds covered the sky and everything appeared eerie. The rain poured. The wind grew in speed and force. The catamaran, perhaps betraying its age, creaked and groaned.

Finally, on 15 December, Hooper put out a press release, announcing the expeditions end. Overnight, a storm had reared up, and damage to the boat had been deemed severe enough to warrant a reappraisal of the attempt. Further damage, the boats captain, Nigel Taylor-Schofield told me, would have compromised my ability to get him out of the water, which might have been fatal. Whereas Hoopers blog posts could be playful, here his tone was defiant. We have NOT failed, he wrote. We have achieved and gained the knowledge to succeed in the future. Later, in a separate message, Hooper added: I have never doubted my ability to swim across an ocean. My family have never doubted me. I believe this incredible challenge to be possible. Hed spent 33 days at sea. Of the expeditions scheduled 1,879 miles, he had swum 86 4.5% of the journey and lost 2st. He signed off, curiously upbeat: Christmas is coming, Im no longer fat. Im on my way to Natal with my Santa hat.

One day in May, I met Hooper in Cirencester, near his Gloucestershire home. We sat on a park bench discussing the details of his attempt what went well, what didnt. Hooper had returned to the UK in March and now he appeared deep in a state of reflection. One question bugged him: should he plan a new attempt?

Hooper made the decision to swim the Atlantic in the winter of 2013. For a year he developed the foundations of an expedition, often spending hours and hours and hours alone online, searching for relevant information. He worked out that strong east-to-west trade winds would create favourable crossing conditions over the winter period, and that the water at that time of year would be warm and inviting. He also saw that Dakar to Natal would represent the shortest crossing, but that the route would be shared by migrating sharks. He began to amass a long list of other potential dangers, including hypothermia, hyperthermia, exposure, mass calorie deficit, the great white shark, the oceanic whitecap shark, the Portuguese-man-of-war and another jellyfish, the Atlantic sea nettle.

Still, Hooper persevered. For three years he didnt work, concentrating instead on being a full-time athlete and running the expedition. (He relied heavily on donations to survive.) By 2015 he felt physically ready. He had swum 12 million metres in training, he told me, mostly in a local pool but sometimes in ocean conditions in Florida and the Mediterranean. With investor funds he bought a boat. Later he purchased supplies and a communications system. Tentatively, he lined up a crew. In August 2016, the catamaran sailed to Dakar, ready for launch. Hooper followed a month later.

When we met, I asked him why he decided to swim across the Atlantic, and why he might try again. He answered that, in completing such a monumental feat, he could inspire others, including his eight-year-old daughter, Georgie, and raise money for charity. But, later in our conversation, a more complicated motivation emerged. In 2006, a car crash that brought to a halt his police career sparked a period of depression, and in 2013, following a series of personal setbacks that would result in an affair and the breakdown of a long-term relationship, the illness returned. Suddenly, his personal life was a mess. He was finding it difficult to sleep. Eating became an effort. I wasnt happy, he said. I felt like I was failing in every angle of my life.

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Surface tension: a Portuguese-man-of-war similar to the one Hooper encountered after three weeks, its poison almost killing him. Photograph: Stephen Frink/Alamy Stock Photo

Recognising the decline, Hooper sought an activity through which he could renew his focus and, recalling an early childhood ambition to swim across an ocean, he landed on the idea of a transatlantic expedition. Not to say that there was ego at play would be a lie, he said. I wanted to push myself, see how far I could go. Am I capable of achieving more and not killing myself? Because a lot of things Ive tried in life havent worked out I saw it as an opportunity to try and redeem myself.

Transatlantic swimming has a colourful history. In 1995 a 42-year-old Frenchman, Guy Delage, washed up on a beach in Barbados, claiming to be the first person to have done the crossing. Delage had spent 55 days at sea and covered 2,335 miles. At one point, reported the New York Times, he had given a shark a sharp kick in the nose before dashing to the safety of his raft. Later, perhaps feigning modesty, he told a reporter at the French paper Libration that I did nothing superhuman or extraordinary, before saying he would never swim again. Three years later, another French-born swimmer, Benot Lecomte, swam from Hyannis in the US to Quiberon in France, covering 3,716 miles in 73 days. He, too, was tracked by a shark this time for five days and he too declared himself the first person to cross the Atlantic.

Both swims were celebrated around the world. But after each attempt, questions began to surface about their credibility. In the aftermath of the Delage swim, experts noted that the raft on to which the Frenchman clung must have been equipped with a kind of sail, thus making it impossible to know exactly how much of the trip was human-powered. Following the Lecomte swim, reporters noted that because he ate and slept onboard a support boat, which drifted with favourable currents overnight, it was equally difficult to work out exactly how much of the distance he had actually swum.

When an athlete claims to have accomplished something they havent, public reaction can turn nasty. Lecomte mostly escaped criticism. In making the crossing, he raised significant sums for charity. (He is now planning to swim across the Pacific.) But in Delages case, reaction turned sour. Before setting out for Barbados from the Cape Verde Islands, the swimmer had signed an exclusivity agreement with a TV channel, guaranteeing an important windfall. Delage, it turned out, was broke. His motivation had not been human achievement, as many people believed, but money, and when the information was revealed by the press he was roundly ridiculed. You have to understand that when I left I was saddled with debts, he told reporters. I had no choice.

While Hooper was out in the Atlantic, questions about the legitimacy of his attempt began to surface on a popular marathon swimming forum. Prior to Hoopers swim, the sport had been rocked by a number of controversies, mostly fraudulent claims of completion, and the community had begun to ramp up efforts to lay bare any kind of scam. Hoping to satisfy potential naysayers, Hooper had promised total expedition transparency. But as the attempt wore on, onlookers began to bemoan the lack of hard data being shared with the public. Hoopers blog posts were mostly trivial and contained few facts; he would post co-ordinates, but only on rare occasions, making it tricky for spectators to discern his whereabouts. The inconsistency of information raised eyebrows.

Before long, forum members began to investigate Hoopers past, prompting further questions, mostly to do with training. As a rule, ocean swimmers cut their teeth crossing channels, but prior to the Atlantic effort Hooper had never swum a large body of water. Jennifer Figge, who has completed an Atlantic crossing (although she, too, has had her efforts questioned, not least by Hooper), swum close to 20 different swims before attempting an ocean crossing, she told me, including the Gibraltar Strait. But Hooper had foregone the challenge. When I asked him why hed never completed a significant but shorter swim that might help establish integrity, such as crossing the English Channel, he said, Ive always steered away from the Channel Its cold. I dont do cold water. And its dirty. End of.

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I thought I was on my way out: Hooper is towed back to the support boat after being stung by a deadly Portuguese man-of-war. Photograph: Chief Productions

By the end of the expedition, most onlookers had come to a collective conclusion: the attempt had been recognised as valid Hooper was not a fraud, as some had suggested but it was also labelled incredibly naive. Hooper, no matter how well-intentioned, had somehow remained ignorant of the extent of the challenge, and hed paid the price. In the words of Dan Simonelli, an open-water swimmer who had helped early on in the expedition and had once been signed on to become its official observer: Ben really didnt have the experience.

One evening in June, I had another conversation with Hooper over the phone. Id called to ask about his plans for a second attempt. In May, when Hooper had mentioned another expedition I dont think I could live with someone else turning up and doing it he had been careful not to commit publicly to timings. He still hasnt made any further announcements. Were very much at that very early stage, he says now. Just chewing it over.

Hooper has a list of things hed require to increase the probability of success. The items are mostly pragmatic: a bigger boat and a more effective communications package, among other things. But a new attempt would also demand a significant number of new sponsors, which are difficult to secure. When I asked Simonelli whether he thought Hooper could manage a second expedition, he said: I think it would be hard for him logistically to muster the attempt again. That has nothing to do with the swim. But it will be difficult for him to get the sponsorship, the money. Hooper puts an estimated figure at 700,000, double what he raised for his first expedition.

Partway through our conversation he told me hed begun to train, but that training was secondary to other things going on in his life. He wanted to spend time with his daughter. He also wanted to secure meaningful employment. Hed previously described his personal financial situation as dire he owes 75,000 to expedition investors alone. Finding regular work is essential, he told me, not just to repay debts, or to plan a second expedition, but to survive.

For the first time he seemed hesitant about a second expedition. Weve learned a hell of a lot, he said. Thats the thing we can shout about. But the second attempt doesnt seem to be his priority. Were all trying to work and restabilise our lives, he said. Im obviously trying to dig myself out of a hole. He paused, then said quietly, And have a life.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2017/nov/19/unlucky-or-deluded-ben-hooper-attempt-to-swim-the-atlantic

Raising a black son in the US: He had never taken a breath, and I was already mourning him

Even prior to her child was born, Jesmyn Ward was preoccupied with something how she would prepare him for survival

F# SEEEE ive years back, I bore my very first kid, a child. She was born 6 weeks early. When she emerged from behind the camping tent protecting my stomach, she was sluggish to fade and weep. In a reaction that I repent to confess, and one that I presume was owned by anaesthesia, tension and shock, my very first words to her were, “Why is she so white?” My obstetrician chuckled as she started the work of preparing to sew me support. I lay there silently, stunned by truths: I was a mom. I had a kid, a ghostly, long-limbed child, who was still curved from the womb.

On the eve of my child’s very first birthday, I felt as if I ‘d endured an onslaught. I ‘d nursed her to plumpness, end up being attuned to her breathy weeps as she got used to life outside my body, discovered how to follow a list whenever she was upset (Hungry? Dirty? Exhausted? Overstimulated?). When my services to the list in some cases did not alleviate her to relax, I discovered how to bring her and stroll, to reiterate and once again in her ear the exact same expression, “Mommy’s got you. Mommy’s got you. It’s OKAY, honey, Mommy’s got you.” I stated it and felt a strong love in me hurry to the rhythm of the words, a sure genuineness. I indicated it. I would constantly hold her, have her, never ever let her fall.

When I learnt I was pregnant once again, I enjoyed. I desired another kid. That joy was wound with concern from the start: I was distressed about whether I might handle 2 kids, about whether or not I would be able to be an excellent moms and dad to both my kids similarly, whether the thick love I felt for my child would blanket my other kid. And I was fearing pregnancy, the weeks of day-to-day migraines, of random pains and discomforts.

As the months advanced, I established gestational diabetes, and agonised over the possibility of another early birth. I desired my 2nd kid to have the time in the womb my very first didn’t. I desired to provide the 2nd the security and time my body stopped working to offer the. I likewise went through a whole battery of tests for hereditary problems. A perk of among the tests was that I would discover the sex of the kid I was bring. When the nurse contacted us to provide my test results, I fidgeted. My stomach turned to stone inside me and sank when she informed me I was having a kid. “Oh God,” I believed, “I’m going to bear a black young boy into the world.” I fabricated pleasure to the white nurse and dropped the phone after the call ended. I wept. Since the very first thing I believed of when the nurse informed me I would have a kid was my dead sibling, #peeee

I wept. He passed away 17 years ago this year, however his leaving feels as fresh as if he were eliminated simply a month back by an intoxicated motorist who would never ever be charged. Fresh as my sorrow, which strolls with me like among my kids. It is ever-present, silent-footed. In some cases, it surprises me. When I understand part of me is still waiting for my sibling to return, like. Or when I understand how increasingly I hurt to see him once again, to see his dark eyes and his thin mouth and his even shoulders, to feel his rough palms or his buttery scalp or his downy cheeks. To hear him speak and laugh.

Jesmyn Jesmyn Ward and her kid. Picture: Beowulf Sheehan

I took a look at the phone on the flooring and idea of the little young boy swimming inside me and of the boys I understand from my little neighborhood in DeLisle, Mississippi, who have actually passed away young. There are numerous. Numerous are from my extended household. They are or drown shot or run over by cars and trucks. A lot of, one after another. A cousin here, a great-grandfather there. Some passed away prior to they were even old adequate lawfully to purchase alcohol. Some passed away prior to they might even vote. The discomfort of their lack strolls with their enjoyed ones underneath the damp Mississippi sky, the bowing pines, the reaching oak. We stroll hand in hand in the American South: phantom kids, ghostly brother or sisters, spectre buddies.

As the months passed, I could not sleep. I lay awake during the night, fretting over the world I was bearing my kid into. A procession of dead black guys circled my bed. Philando Castile was shot and eliminated while his sweetheart and child remained in the automobile. Alton Sterling was eliminated in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and the cops who shot him were never ever held liable for his murder, for shooting and eliminating the male who smiles in fuzzy images, for letting him bleed out in front of a corner store. Eric Garner choked versus journalism of the lower arm at his throat. “I cannot breathe,” he stated. “I cannot breathe.”

My child had actually never ever breathed, and I was currently grieving him.

***

I check out ceaselessly while I was pregnant. I typically checked out and woke in the early hours since I might not sleep. At the time, I was researching for my 4th book, which is embeded in New Orleans and Louisiana throughout the height of the domestic servant trade. One day, I check out an enslaved female whose master was working her to death to select as much cotton as she might on a plantation in Mississippi. She was pregnant and bore a kid. Throughout the day, she left her kid at the edge of the cotton field where others would view it, so she might labor down the rows. She had no option. Her kid sobbed, and it sidetracked her, slowed the build-up of cotton bolls in her sack. The overseer observed. He informed her to mind her row, not her kid. Still, it was as if she was delicate to the keening of the infant. She attempted to disregard her kid’s sobs and concentrate on the rows, however still she lagged. The overseer cautioned her once again. The enslaved female aimed to silence her tender mom’s heart, however could not; her baby’s weeps muddled her motions, bound her fingers. The overseer observed for the last time, and in a fit of rage he stalked to the baby sobbing for milk at the edge of the field and eliminated it. In the overseer’s evaluation, the mom was a maker– a wagon, possibly, made to bear and carry loads. The kid: a damaged wheel. Something to eliminate to make the wagon functional once again. After I read this, I could not think of the lady however assist, damaged and speechless. Dragging her method through the American fields.

In a book about maroon neighborhoods who got away slavery in the United States, I experienced more kids, however these kids were totally free, after a style. Their moms and dads ran away slavery, took themselves back from the masters who had actually taken them. Frequently, these moms and dads dug collapse the forests of the south, along river banks. They removed cabin-sized holes in the ground and developed rough furnishings from the wood around them. They emerged from the cavern just in the evening, as they were terrified of being regained. They burned fires moderately, constructed chimney tunnels that extended metres from their underground houses to divert the smoke from their dark houses. To fool their pursuers. In some cases, they bore kids in the caverns. I envision a female crouching in the dark, panting versus the discomfort, utilizing every bit of self-discipline she had actually curried in the unlimited cotton fields to reduce her desire to shriek as her body burst and she provided. The odor of river water and damp sand under her toes.

The females who had actually released themselves raised their kids in the dark. Throughout the day, they consumed underground, worked underground, entertaining themselves as they worked by informing stories to one another. Often, their moms and dads let the kids climb up above ground in the evening to play amongst the dark trees in the light of the moon. The scary of that option stuck with me as my kid kicked at the bounds of my stubborn belly. How dreadful to fear being captured and gone back to slavery, to abuse, to inhuman treatment; how universal that worry should have been. How the moms and dads needed to compromise their kids’s lives to conserve them. There are legends that state that after emancipation, their moms and dads presented the kids of the caverns to the sunlit world, and the kids were permanently stooped from learning how to stroll listed below the caverns’ walls, permanently squinting versus the too brilliant world.

The typical thread of my reading and experience was this: black kids are not approved youths. Our kids were problems up until old adequate to offer and work when we were shackled. When we left to liberty, black kids were liabilities, required to flex low under the weight of a system intent on discovering them, taking them, and offering them. After emancipation, kids as young as 12 were accuseded of minor criminal offenses such as vagrancy and loitering and sent out to Parchman jail farm in Mississippi and re-enslaved; they worked to collapse in the cotton fields, laid track for railways chained to other black guys, threw up and fell under Black Betty, the overseer’s whip, and passed away when they tried to get away under the eye of the weapon, at the grace of the tracking canine.

Today, the weight of the previous bears greatly on today. Now, black kids and ladies are disciplined more than their white schoolmates. They are presumed of drug dealing and strip-searched. School authorities press charges and call the authorities if they battle each other or talk back to instructors in school. (This is the school-to-prison pipeline.) They are segregated into poorer schools. Their schools collapse, starved for funds. They are provided books that warp history, that lie to them and inform them their taken forefathers were “guest employees”. Authorities battle them to the ground in class, body knocked them at swimming pool celebrations in Texas. The state will not manage them the presents of youth, as it marks them from the start as less than: a hooded hazard in the making, an extremely predator in training with a toy weapon, a fledgling well-being queen. Maybe this is exactly what takes place when a kid can not be commodified, not be purchased and offered. When a country reinvests through the centuries in the concept that permits it to grow: the other need to be suppressed, sequestered, constrained. Today, the stooped kids stroll in the daytime, however they pass away because daytime, too.

***

Even though I did whatever I might to avoid an early birth, my child, like my child, came early. I entered into labour at 33 weeks. When my physician informed me I remained in labour, I did exactly what I might to stop it. I required to my bed, enjoyed films and check out. My efforts at relaxation didn’t work. I went to the medical facility and provided by caesarean early the next October early morning. When they pulled my boy from my stomach, he wailed and took a deep breath, breathed in and wailed once again and once again. His arms flung out, his toes and fingers prevalent. His body arched in panic. The nurse briefly stopped briefly with him beside my face, and all I had eyes for were his securely closed eyes, his sobbing mouth. “I’m sorry,” I stated. “I’m sorry, I’m sorry, I’m so sorry.”

My child was 4 pounds when he was born, and I stressed over him in his incubator, distressed over his weight, his colour, the flap of his feet over his legs. I discovered the best ways to massage him to assist his advancement and food digestion. He was all stomach and head, when I held him to feed him, I admired how thin his skin appeared. How delicate he appeared. He appeared to have little regard for my nervousness. From his very first weeks of life, he consumed voraciously, drawing down bottles of milk quickly, locking despite the fact that his mouth needs to have been too little, his cheek muscles too weak. When I took him house, he put on weight rapidly, armoured himself in fat. He established great motor abilities on par with kids born upon time. My boy, it appeared, was up for the battle to live.

When his face grew to a fat moon, my kid smiled and revealed dimples as deep as my dad’s. He charmed. He stands in my lap and babbles to everybody boarding the airplane when he flies with me. He leans over to our row mates and touches the other traveler’s arms. White women with ideal teeth using perfectly customized clothes smile at his sure, chubby fingers.

“He’s lovable,” they state.

White males with team cuts, weathered faces and ruddy necks, smile at him. “I’m sorry,” I inform them. “He prefers to touch individuals.”

“It’s OKAY,” they respond. “He’s so friendly!”

They connect a finger so he will get it, so he will shake their hand. He provides a high 5, then my kid relies on the window to squeal and slap the glass, to try to speak with the travel luggage handlers. I hug his soft bottom, his doughy legs, and doubt what age my wispy-haired, social young boy will find out that he cannot connect his hand to every complete stranger. When the spotless girls flinch, I question how old he will be. When the ruddy guys will see a shadow of a weapon in his open palm. I understand it will take place prior to he turns 17, considering that this is how old Trayvon Martin was when George Zimmerman stalked him through the streets of a Florida suburban area and eliminated him. I understand it will occur prior to he turns 14, because this is how old Emmett Till was when Carolyn Bryant lied that he whistled at her, and after that Roy Bryant and John William Milam abducted him, beat him, and mutilated him prior to discarding him into the Tallahatchie river. I understand it will occur prior to he turns 12, because this is how old Tamir Rice was when authorities found him having fun with a toy weapon in a park and shot him two times in the abdominal area so that he passed away the next day.

To be safe, I choose I must inform him about his ghostly siblings by the time he is 10. I need to inform him about Trayvon, about Emmett, about Tamir, prior to he gets in the age of puberty, prior to he loses his child fat, prior to his voice deepens and his chest widens. I have 9 years to find out how I will address his very first concern about his phantom brother or sisters: Why? Why did they pass away? I am grateful for the time I need to develop my reply. I am likewise mad, since I understand when I address his concern about all the black individuals America has actually broken, taken, ground down, and eliminated, I will be rejecting his youth. Straining him with comprehending beyond his years. Darkening his innocence. That the truth of living as a black individual, a black male in America will need me to interrupt my charming, gap-toothed young boy’s youth. In these minutes, I believe I understand a little of exactly what it should have resembled for those runaway moms and dads, who bent their kids blind and quiet to give them their adult years. That I understand a little of exactly what it needs to have seemed like to take bolls in the fields, to hear the soft-bellied child weeping and reject the baby milk. To reject your kid the present of youth in the hopes you can raise them to the adult years.

I hope my kid is fortunate. I hope he is never ever in the incorrect time at the incorrect put on the incorrect end of a weapon. I hope he is never ever susceptible with those who want to damage him. I hope I enjoy him enough in the time I have with him, that while he can be a kid, I offer him the presents of a youth: that I bake chocolate chip cookies and whisper stories to him at bedtime and let him leap in muddy puddles after heavy rains, so he can understand exactly what it is to rupture with pleasure. I hope he endures his early teenage years with a kernel of that happiness lodged in his heart, covered in the fodder of my love. I hope his natural will to flourish, to eliminate to grow, is strong. I hope I never ever fail him. I hope he sees 12 and 21 and 40 and 62. I hope he and his sis bury me. I hope. I hope. I hope.

Sing, Unburied, Sing, by Jesmyn Ward, is released next week by Bloomsbury at 16.99. To buy a copy for 14.44, go to guardianbookshop.com or call 03303336846.

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Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2017/oct/28/raising-black-son-america